HIV prevention in the United States : at a critical crossroads
Published Date:August 2009
Corporate Authors:National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.)
Description:The science is clear: HIV prevention can and does save lives. Scores of scientific studies have identified effective prevention interventions for numerous populations, and it is estimated that prevention efforts have averted more than 350,000* HIV infections in the United States to date.4 In addition to the lives saved from HIV, it is estimated that more than $125 billion in medical costs alone have been averted.
But the HIV crisis in America is far from over. CDC’s latest estimates suggest that more than 56,000 Americans become infected each year—one person every
9 1⁄2 minutes—and that more than one million people in this country are now living with HIV.14 Far too many Americans remain at risk for HIV, especially African Americans, Latinos, and gay and bisexual men of all races. CDC estimates that roughly 1 in 5 people infected with HIV in the United States is unaware of his or her infection and may be unknowingly transmitting the virus to others.
The heavy burden of HIV in the United States is neither inevitable nor acceptable. It is possible to end the U.S. epidemic, but such an achievement will require that we dramatically expand access to proven HIV prevention programs, make tough choices about directing available resources, and effectively integrate new HIV prevention approaches into existing programs.
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