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The Industrial environment; its evaluation & control
  • Published Date:
    1973
Filetype[PDF - 35.34 MB]


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The  Industrial environment; its evaluation & control
Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • Description:
    The significance of the occupational environment as part of the total ecological system -- Review of mathematics -- Review of chemistry -- Review of biochemistry -- Review of physiology -- Industrial toxicology -- Principles and use of standards of quality for the work environment -- The significance and uses of guides, codes, regulations, and standards for chemical and physical agents -- General principles in evaluating the occupational environment -- Instruments and techniques used in calibrating sampling equipment -- Preparation of known concentrations of air contaminants -- Sampling air for particulates -- Sizing methodology -- Sampling and analysis of gases and vapors -- Direct reading instruments for determining concentrations -- Medical aspects of the occupational environment -- Separations processes in analytical chemistry -- Spectrophotometry --Emission spectroscopy -- Gas chromatography -- Quality control for sampling and laboratory analysis -- Physics of sound -- Physiology of hearing -- Noise measurement and acceptability criteria -- Vibration -- Illumination -- Non-ionizing radiation -- Ionizing radiation -- Physiology of heat stress -- Thermal standards and measurement techniques -- Ergonomic aspects of biomechanics -- The influence of industrial contaminants on the respiratory system -- Occupational dermatoses: their recognition, control and prevention -- Principles of controlling the occupational environment -- Personal protective devices -- Control of noise exposure -- Control of exposures to heat and cold -- Principles of ventilation -- Instruments and techniques used in evaluating the performance of air flow systems -- Local exhaust systems -- Design of ventilation systems -- Control of industrial stack emissions -- Control of industrial water emissions -- Control of industrial solid waste -- Control of community noise from industrial sources -- Safety -- Design and operation of an occupational health program -- The design and operation of occupational health programs in government agencies -- An industrial hygiene survey checklist.

    "Industrial hygiene is the science of protecting man's health through the control of the work environment. Encompassing the entire environmental field, this book is a compilation of the diversity of expertise needed to attain competency in the recognition, evaluation, and prescription of methods to control environmental problems. It is intended for use as a text in training courses or universities to introduce graduate students or newcomers with basic science degrees to the field of industrial hygiene and environmental health. It is also intended to introduce persons having a specialty in one of the facets of industrial hygiene to all other facets of the profession. The occupational ecological system is treated as a significant part of the total ecological system. The forty-eight authors of fifty chapters review the uses of mathematics, chemistry, biochemistry, and physiology, and provide an introduction to industrial toxicology. Sampling and measuring techniques are reviewed in chapters on calibration; known concentrations of air contaminants; determining concentrations of aerosols, vapors, and gases; spectrophotometry; emission spectroscopy; gas chromatography; and thermal standards and measurements. Chapters cover hearing safety, radiation safety, heat stress, and the influence of contaminants on the skin and respiratory system. The control of the industrial environment is treated in chapters on ventilation, noise, air flow systems, exhaust systems, solid waste, and exposure to heat and cold. The book finishes with chapters on occupational health programs and an industrial hygiene survey checklist." - NIOSHTIC-2

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