Case–Control Study of Risk Factors for Hospitalization Caused by Pandemic (H1N1) 2009
Published Date:Aug 2011
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 17(8):1409-1416.
Aged, 80 And Over
Influenza A Virus
Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype
Pandemic (H1N1) 2009
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
Description:We conducted a case-control study to identify risk factors for hospitalization from pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus infection among persons >16 years of age in Sydney, Australia. The study comprised 302 case-patients and 603 controls. In a logistic regression model, after adjusting for age and sex, risk factors for hospitalization were pregnancy (odds ratio [OR] 22.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.2-54.5), immune suppression (OR 5.5, 95% CI 2.8-10.9), pre-existing lung disease (OR 6.6, 95% CI 3.8-11.6), asthma requiring regular preventive medication (OR 4.3, 95% CI 2.7-6.8), heart disease (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.1), diabetes (OR 3.8, 95% CI 2.2-6.5), and current smoker (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3-3.2) or previously smoked (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.3-3.0). Although obesity was not independently associated with hospitalization, it was associated with an increased risk of requiring mechanical ventilation. Public health messages should give greater emphasis on the risk for severe disease among pregnant women and smokers.
You May Also Like: