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Diabetes in Hispanic American Youth
Filetype[PDF - 233.71 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    for the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group
  • Description:
    To report the 2001 prevalence and 2002-2005 incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in Hispanic American youth and to describe the demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics of these youth.|Data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study, a population-based multicenter observational study of youth aged 0-19 years with physician-diagnosed diabetes, were used to estimate the prevalence and incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Information obtained by questionnaire, physical examination, and blood and urine collection was analyzed to describe the characteristics of youth who completed a study visit.|Among Hispanic American youth, type 1 diabetes was more prevalent than type 2 diabetes, including in youth aged 10-19 years. There were no significant sex differences in type 1 or type 2 diabetes prevalence. The incidence of type 2 diabetes for female subjects aged 10-14 years was twice that of male subjects (P < 0.005), while among youth aged 15-19 years the incidence of type 2 diabetes exceeded that of type 1 diabetes for female subjects (P < 0.05) but not for male subjects. Poor glycemic control, defined as A1C >or=9.5%, as well as high LDL cholesterol and triglycerides were common among youth aged >or=15 years with either type of diabetes. Forty-four percent of youth with type 1 diabetes were overweight or obese.|Factors such as poor glycemic control, elevated lipids, and a high prevalence of overweight and obesity may put Hispanic youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes at risk for future diabetes-related complications.

  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Funding:
    DP-05-069/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    M01 RR00069/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
    M01 RR01070/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
    M01 RR08084/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
    M01RR001271/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
    PA 00097/PHS HHS/United States
    U01 DP000244/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U01 DP000245/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U01 DP000246/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U01 DP000247/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U01 DP000248/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U01 DP000250/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
    U01 DP000254/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
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