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National report on human exposure to environmental chemicals
  • Published Date:
    March 2001
  • Source:
    NCEH pub. ; no. 01-0379
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-240.23 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Environmental Health (U.S.). Division of Laboratory Sciences. ; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (U.S.) ;
  • Series:
  • Description:
    The National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals is a new publication that provides an ongoing assessment of the exposure of the U.S. population to environmental chemicals using biomonitoring. For this Report, an environmental chemical means a chemical compound or chemical element present in air, water, soil, dust, food, or other environmental media. Biomonitoring is the assessment of human exposure to chemicals by measuring the chemicals or their metabolites (i.e., breakdown products) in human specimens, such as blood or urine.

    The Report provides exposure information about people participating in an ongoing national survey of the general U.S. population— the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The survey is conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This survey is unique in its ability to examine public health issues that can best be addressed through physical and laboratory examinations of the U.S. population. The first release of the Report is restricted to general U.S. population data for the year 1999 from NHANES.

    This first Report provides information about levels of 27 environmental chemicals measured in the U.S. population. These chemicals include metals, such as lead, mercury, and uranium; organophosphate pesticide metabolites; phthalate metabolites; and cotinine, a marker of exposure to tobacco smoke. Tables on the following pages summarize results of CDC’s Environmental Health Laboratory measurements.

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