Water-related environmental public health
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Water-related environmental public health

  • Published Date:

    April 2004

  • Series:
    NCEH pub. ; no. 04-0161
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-88.45 KB]

  • Description:
    Environmental conditions greatly influence the relation between water and human health. Challenges to the healthfulness of U.S. water include (1) pathogens resistant to standard water treatment methods, (2) chemical and biological contaminants, (3) aging or inadequate water system infrastructure, and (4) emergency- or disaster-related events. During 1999–2000, 25 states reported 39 drinking water-related outbreaks that caused 2,068 cases of illnesses and 2 deaths. Of the 22 outbreaks for which a cause was identified, 20 were associated with pathogens (parasites, bacteria, or viruses) and 2 were associated with chemical poisonings (nitrate and sodium hydroxide) (MMWR November 22, 2002;51[SS08]:1–28). There are concerns that some substances in water, such as disinfection byproducts and toxins released by marine algae, are associated with health effects. factsheet.pdf
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