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CDC influenza surveillance report no. 20, October 8, 1957
  • Published Date:
    October 8, 1957
Filetype[PDF - 4.32 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Communicable Disease Center (U.S.), Influenza Surveillance Unit.
  • Description:
    I. Summary of information -- II. Influenza map and tables [Asian strain influenza 1957 through October 7, 1957; Asian strain influenza 1957 : new reports October 1-7, 1957] -- III. Epidemic and case reports -- IV. Current analysis of influenza and pneumonia mortality -- V. Reports of influenza associated deaths -- VI. Vaccine production and distribution. VII Miscellany -- Appendix A: Survey of influenza vaccine tests -- Appendix B: Montgomery County, Maryland, influenza vaccine reaction report

    "There has been a sharp increase in the number of counties reporting influenza outbreaks. Eighty-eight new counties have noted the occurrence of influenza during the past week, as compared with a total of 197 for the preceeding 18 weeks. Certain states in the Southwest, Northeast, and on the Pacific Coast appear to be most heavily involved at present. The Louisiana epidemic appears to be subsiding. Northern New England, the Northern Rocky Mountain area, and the south Atlantic States are the least involved. Some of the larger cities of the Midwest--notably Milwaukee, Grand Rapids, Kansas City--have experience epidemic influenza during the past week. In the Northeast, New York City, and five counties in adjacent New Jersey developed epidemic situations virtually simultaneously. Epidemic influenza continues through Western New York State. Although details of three more influenzza-associated deaths have been reported, there is no evidence of significant increase in pneumonia and influenza mortality as reported in 108 cities. A tottal of 21 influenza-associated deaths have been reported to CDC. Thirteen million five hundred four thousand nine hundred forty-seven ml of influenza vaccine have been released though October 1. this includes 2,833,856 ml. released since September 25. It is suggested that laboratories now report routine influenza findings only monthly, but continue to give notice of unusual or important results, which may be of interest to the entire country. Excessive use of antibiotics may cause development of resistant strains of bacteria, but Dr. Gail Dack, of the University of Chicago, mentions another possible result of antibiotic therapy. This is pseudomembranous enterocolitis which may result when intestingal flora are disturbed and enterotoxim producing staphylococci are able to thrive. Myeloradiculitis is reported in a 26 year old physician following influenza vaccination. There was no past history of neuropathy. Investigators who are conducting vaccine studies are requested to read Appendix A carefully, and to send a brief description of their studyto the address listed. A vaccine reation study involving more than 2000 persons in most age groups in Montgomery County, Maryland which showed few significant reactions to vaccination is described in Appendix B." - p. [2]

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