Organic solvent neurotoxicity.
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

For very narrow results

When looking for a specific result

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Document Data
Clear All
Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


Organic solvent neurotoxicity.

Filetype[PDF-14.53 MB]

Select the Download button to view the document
This document is over 5mb in size and cannot be previewed


  • Journal Article:
    Current intelligence bulletin;DHHS publication ; (NIOSH);
  • Corporate Authors:
  • Description:
    DHHS publication ; (NIOSH) no. 87-104

    The neurotoxic effects of organic solvents are reviewed. Organic solvents have been used in extraction, dissolution or suspension of fats, waxes and resins. Studies have shown that acute neurotoxicity is similar for human and laboratory animal exposures and is characterized by narcosis, anesthesia, central nervous system depression, respiratory arrest, loss of consciousness and death. Chronic effects have been studied to a limited extent in animals and have been documented epidemiologically for workers and solvent abusers. Reported effects included peripheral neuropathy and mild toxic encephalopathy. Three severity levels were defined for chronic human exposures: minimal, organic affective syndrome; moderate, mild, chronic toxic encephalopathy; and pronounced, severe, chronic toxic encephalopathy. Neurophysiological effects (electromyogram or electroencephalogram abnormalities, decreased nerve conduction velocities) have also been reported in exposed workers. Neurobehavioral effects such as reversible subjective symptoms, prolonged personality or mood changes and intellectual impairment have been studied epidemiologically and in volunteers. Severe exposure has produced irreversible impairment of intellect and memory (dementia) and structural central nervous system damage. Metabolic aspects of organic solvent exposure were discussed. Guidelines for minimizing worker exposure are discussed in relation to exposure monitoring; control of exposure through contaminant control, worker isolation, use of personal protective equipment and worker education; and medical surveillance. A table containing a summary of NIOSH recommended exposure limits for organic solvents is presented. Examples of solvents neurotoxic to humans discussed include carbon-disulfide (75150), n-hexane (110543), methyl-n-butyl- ketone (591786), trichloroethylene (79016), perchloroethylene (127184) and toluene (108883).

  • Subjects:
  • Source:
  • Series:
  • Document Type:
  • Collection(s):
  • Main Document Checksum:
  • Download URL:
  • File Type:

Supporting Files

  • No Additional Files
More +

You May Also Like

Checkout today's featured content at