Documentation and verification of measles, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome elimination in the region of the Americas : United States national report, March 28, 2012
Published Date:March 2012
Corporate Authors:National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (U.S.). Division of Viral Diseases.
Keywords:Disease Outbreaks/prevention & Control.
Measles/prevention & Control
Public Health Surveillance
Rubella/prevention & Control
Rubella Syndrome, Congenital/epidemiology
Rubella Syndrome, Congenital/prevention & Control
Description:I. Introduction -- II. Surveillance of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome -- III. Epidemiology of measles (2001-2011) -- IV. Epidemiology of rubella -- V. Quality of U.S. measles, rubella and CRS surveillance and outbreak response -- VI. Assessment of measles and rubella population immunity -- VII. Sustainability of measles, rubella and CRS elimination -- VIII. Challenges -- IX. Summary -- X. External panel -- XI. References.
The World Health Organization (WHO) Region of the Americas has been a global leader in measles, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) elimination. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has coordinated the successful elimination efforts of all member countries within the Region of the Americas. Regional measles elimination has been sustained since 2002 and PAHO set an elimination goal for rubella and CRS by 2010. No endemic cases of rubella have been reported since 2009 and the last endemic CRS case in the Americas was also reported in 2009. Three other WHO regions, the European, Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific regions have targeted measles for elimination by 2015 or before. Other regions are focused on measles mortality reduction strategies. The WHO European Region has a rubella elimination target of 2015 and the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Pacific regions have established congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) prevention goals. The Southeast Asian and African Regions have not established goals for rubella control or elimination.
As a PAHO member country, the United States is committed to the goal of eliminating endemic measles, rubella, and CRS from the Region of the Americas, and to the documentation and verification of elimination by the end of 2011, as resolved by the 27th Pan American Sanitary Conference (CSP27.R2) in 2007. As part of this regional effort, this U.S. National Report confirms the successful, sustained elimination of endemic measles from the United States since elimination was verified in 2000 and of endemic rubella and CRS since verification of elimination in 2004.
This report was prepared by staff of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention including Greg Armstrong, Albert Barskey, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Huong McLean, Susan Redd and Greg Wallace in the Epidemiology Branch, Division of Viral Diseases (DVD) and Emily Abernathy, William Bellini, Lijuan Hao, Joe Icenogle, Mark Papania, Jennifer Rota and Paul Rota in the Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Herpesviruses Laboratory Branch, DVD and Mark Pallansch, Jane Seward and Jeanette St. Pierre in the Office of the Director, DVD, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) and Susan Reef in the Global Immunization Division, Coordinating Office for Global Health and Anne Schuchat and Melinda Wharton in the Office of the Director, NCIRD.
Supporting Files:No Additional Files
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