Parallels in Amphibian and Bat Declines from Pathogenic Fungi
Published Date:Mar 2013
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 19(3):379-385.
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
Infectious Disease Outbreak
Infectious Disease Reservoirs
Infectious Disease Transmission
Description:Pathogenic fungi have substantial effects on global biodiversity, and 2 emerging pathogenic species-the chytridiomycete Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, which causes chytridiomycosis in amphibians, and the ascomycete Geomyces destructans, which causes white-nose syndrome in hibernating bats-are implicated in the widespread decline of their vertebrate hosts. We synthesized current knowledge for chytridiomycosis and white-nose syndrome regarding disease emergence, environmental reservoirs, life history characteristics of the host, and host-pathogen interactions. We found striking similarities between these aspects of chytridiomycosis and white-nose syndrome, and the research that we review and propose should help guide management of future emerging fungal diseases.
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