Foodborne Transmission of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy to Nonhuman Primates
Published Date:May 2013
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 19(5):712-720.
Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Disease Models, Animal
Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform
Infectious Disease Incubation Period
Molecular Sequence Data
Prions And Related Diseases
Description:Risk for human exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)-inducing agent was estimated in a nonhuman primate model. To determine attack rates, incubation times, and molecular signatures, we orally exposed 18 macaques to 1 high dose of brain material from cattle with BSE. Several macaques were euthanized at regular intervals starting at 1 year postinoculation, and others were observed until clinical signs developed. Among those who received ≥5 g BSE-inducing agent, attack rates were 100% and prions could be detected in peripheral tissues from 1 year postinoculation onward. The overall median incubation time was 4.6 years (3.7-5.3). However, for 3 macaques orally exposed on multiple occasions, incubation periods were at least 7-10 years. Before clinical signs were noted, we detected a non-type 2B signature, indicating the existence of atypical prion protein during the incubation period. This finding could affect diagnosis of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans and might be relevant for retrospective studies of positive tonsillectomy or appendectomy specimens because time of infection is unknown.
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