Eastern Equine Encephalitis in Children, Massachusetts and New Hampshire,USA, 1970–2010
Published Date:Feb 2013
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 19(2):194-201.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus
Encephalomyelitis, Eastern Equine
Length Of Stay
Description:We describe the clinical, laboratory, and radiographic characteristics of 15 cases of eastern equine encephalitis in children during 1970-2010. The most common clinical and laboratory features were fever, headache, seizures, peripheral leukocytosis, and cerebrospinal fluid neutrophilic pleocytosis. Radiographic lesions were found in the basal ganglia, thalami, and cerebral cortex. Clinical outcomes included severe neurologic deficits in 5 (33%) patients, death of 4 (27%), full recovery of 4 (27%), and mild neurologic deficits in 2 (13%). We identify an association between a short prodrome and an increased risk for death or for severe disease.
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