Streptococcus suis Sequence Type 7 Outbreak, Sichuan, China
Published Date:Aug 2006
Source:Emerg Infect Dis. 12(8):1203-1208.
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Molecular Sequence Data
Multilocus Sequence Typing(MLST)
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Streptococcal Toxic Shocklike Syndrome (STSS)
Description:An outbreak of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 emerged in the summer of 2005 in Sichuan Province, and sporadic infections occurred in 4 additional provinces of China. In total, 99 S. suis strains were isolated and analyzed in this study: 88 isolates from human patients and 11 from diseased pigs. We defined 98 of 99 isolates as pulse type I by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis of SmaI-digested chromosomal DNA. Furthermore, multilocus sequence typing classified 97 of 98 members of the pulse type I in the same sequence type (ST), ST-7. Isolates of ST-7 were more toxic to peripheral blood mononuclear cells than ST-1 strains. S. suis ST-7, the causative agent, was a single-locus variant of ST-1 with increased virulence. These findings strongly suggest that ST-7 is an emerging, highly virulent S. suis clone that caused the largest S. suis outbreak ever described.
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