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Blood donor selection; guidelines on assessing donor suitability for blood donation
  • Published Date:
    c2012
Filetype[PDF - 1.01 MB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    World Health Organization ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ;
  • Description:
    Executive summary -- Acronyms -- Preface -- Policy recommendations -- Technical recommendations -- 1. Introduction -- Part 1: National system for blood donor selection -- 2. Establishing a national system for blood donor selection -- 3. Assessing donor suitability -- Part 2: Criteria for blood donor selection -- 4. General donor assessment -- 5. Donor medical history I: Non-communicable diseases -- 6. Donor medical history II: Medical and surgical interventions -- 7. TTI and donor risk assessment -- Glossary -- Reerences -- Acknowledgements -- Annex1. International and national guidelines -- Annex 2. Example of a blood donor questionnaire -- Annex 3. Literature search strategies and decision-making process for formulation of recommendations.

    The WHO guidelines on assessing donor suitability for blood donation have been developed to assist blood transfusion services in countries that are establishing or strengthening national systems for the selection of blood donors. They are designed for use by policy makers in national blood programmes in ministries of health, national advisory bodies such as national blood commissions or councils, and blood transfusion services.

    Blood transfusion services (BTS) have the responsibility to collect blood only from donors who are at low risk for any infection that could be transmitted through transfusion and who are unlikely to jeopardize their own health by blood donation. A rigorous process to assess the suitability of prospective donors is therefore essential to protect the safety and sufficiency of the blood supply, and safeguard the health of recipients of transfusion and blood donors themselves, while ensuring that suitable donors are not deferred unnecessarily. These World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, Blood donor selection: guidelines on assessing donor suitability for blood donation have been developed to assist blood transfusion services in countries that are establishing or strengthening national systems for the selection of blood donors1. They are designed for use by policy makers in national blood programmes in ministries of health, national advisory bodies such as national blood commissions or councils, and blood transfusion services. WHO guidance on criteria for the selection of blood donors was first published in the distance learning materials, Safe Blood and Blood Products, Module 1: Safe Blood Donation in 1994. These earlier recommendations were developed on the basis of international best practice but did not have a clear evidence base. In 2009, the WHO Blood Transfusion Safety programme (WHO/BTS) convened a guideline development group (GDG) to prepare evidence-based recommendations on criteria for assessing the suitability of blood donors. The GDG also recognized the need to provide guidance on establishing national systems for blood donor selection.

    WHO also acknowledges with thanks the technical collaboration and financial contribution of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for this project. Development of this publication was supported by Cooperative Agreement Number PS024044 from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

  • Document Type:
  • Funding:
    PS024044
  • Supporting Files:
    No Additional Files
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