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Addressing emerging infectious disease threats; a prevention strategy for the United States
  • Published Date:
    1994
Filetype[PDF - 965.36 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; National Center for Infectious Diseases (U.S.) ;
  • Description:
    Preface -- Executive summary -- Background -- The CDC prevention strategy -- The critical role of partnerships -- Implementation -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Summary of figures, tables, and boxes

    Once expected to be eliminated as a public health problem, infectious diseases remain the leading cause of death worldwide. Dramatic changes in society, technology, and the environment together with the diminshed effectiveness of certain approaches to disease control have propelled this nation and the rest of the world into a new era; the spectrum of infectious diseases is expanding and many infectious diseases once thought conquered are increasing. To effectively address emerging infectious diseases, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed a strategic plan emphasizing surveillance, applied research, and prevention activities critical to maintaining a strong defense against infectious diseases that affect, or threaten to affect, the public’s health. The goals of this plan are as follows: Goal I. Surveillance: Detect, promptly investigate, and monitor emerging pathogens, the diseases they cause, and the factors influencing their emergence.; Goal II. Applied Research: Integrate laboratory science and epidemiology to optimize public health practice; Goal III Prevention and Control: Enhance communication of public health information about emerging diseases and ensure prompt implementation of prevention strategies; Goal IV Infrastructure: Strengthen local, state, and federal public health infrastructures to support surveillance and implement prevention and control programs. Both individual health care coverage and core public health functions are needed to maintain health at the community level. Implementation of this plan will be a critical step toward ensuring health security for all Americans.

    NPIN 16394: Infectious disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. To effectively address emerging infectious diseases, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed a strategic plan emphasizing surveillance, applied research, and prevention activities. This report emphasizes the critical leadership role for the CDC in a national and global effect to detect and control emerging infectious disease threats. This strategy is based upon the premise that is far less costly to anticipate and prevent infectious diseases than to react to them. This document contains the CDC plan that reflects a commitment to meet the challenge of emerging public health problems. The goals and activities of this plan are consistent with the goals set forth in recently proposed plans for health care reform. Some of the activities listed in this document are already in the planning stages. Specific details of many of the proposed activities need further development. With this document as a guide, implementation will be based on public health needs and resources available. The report sets forth the complete strategy and the critical role of partnerships. The implementation of the strategy is also outlined.

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