Express tuberculosis control laws in selected U.S. jurisdictions; a report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Published Date:As of October 1, 2008
Corporate Authors:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; Centers for Law and the Public's Health ;
Keywords:Law And Legislation
Legislation & Jurisprudence
Prevention & Control
Public Health/Legislation & Jurisprudence/United States
Tuberculosis/Law And Legislation/United States
Tuberculosis/Prevention & Control/United States
Description:Executive summary -- I. Introduction -- II. Scope and methodology -- III. Results: characterization of express TB control laws -- IV. Discussion - key issues in express TB control laws -- V. Conclusion -- TABLE 1. Characterizing express laws regarding the control of tuberculosis -- in selected U.S. jurisdictions -- TABLE 2. Characterizing express laws regarding the control of tuberculosis -- in selected U.S. jurisdictions: summary of findings
Tuberculosis (TB), a serious communicable disease, remains a significant public health threat in the United States despite long-standing public health prevention efforts at various levels of government. TB control has become an increasingly crucial concern with the emergence of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB). Legal preparedness and its core elements are central to ensuring the success of public health efforts to control the spread of TB. To assist public health practitioners and policy makers in assessing and improving the use of law as a tool to control TB, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2007 initiated a series of applied research and development projects: (1) a review and characterization of select jurisdictions' express TB control laws; (2) creation of a handbook on TB control laws that local, state, and tribal public health practitioners can use to improve their understanding of those laws and competency in applying them; and (3) development of a model state TB control act (specifically suggested by the Advisory Committee on the Elimination of Tuberculosis (ACET)). This report and accompanying Tables prepared by the Centers for Law and the Public Health: A Collaborative at Johns Hopkins and Georgetown Universities (Center) address the first of these projects. This project seeks to comprehensively characterize key legal patterns through an examination of express TB (including MDR-TB and XDR-TB) control laws in twenty-five (25) selected U.S. jurisdictions. The goal is to provide a baseline of factual information to assist efforts for improving public health authorities' use of law as a tool for controlling TB. Express TB control laws are jurisdiction-specific laws (e.g., statutes, regulations, cases) that directly mention TB (or some derivative) in the body of the law, and whose main purpose is limited to the control of TB. This report does not examine general communicable disease or other laws, even if they may be relevant to, or adequate for, controlling cases of TB in some jurisdictions.
"CDC Collaborating Center for Public Health Legal Preparedness, WHO/PAHO Collaborating Center on Public Health Law and Human Rights."
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