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Report; effective HIV surveillance among Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders
  • Published Date:
    April 2013
Filetype[PDF-7.61 MB]


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Report; effective HIV surveillance among Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders
Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.), Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.
  • Description:
    Executive summary - Introduction - Background - Methods - Summary of key finings - Recommendations - Contributors - References - Additional reading

    The three primary goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy are: 1) reducing the number of people who become infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 2) increasing access to care and optimizing health outcomes for people living with HIV, and 3) reducing HIV-related health disparities. To achieve these goals,_the National HIV/AIDS Strategy's Federal Implementation Plan calls for efforts to support surveillance activities to better characterize HIV among smaller populations such as Asian Americans (AAs) and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (NHOPIs), and calls for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to provide recom- mendations on effective HIV surveillance activities to health departments of states with high concentrations of AA and NHOPI populations. To develop these recommendations, CDC selected 5 states (California, Hawaii, New York, Texas, Washington) and 3 separately funded cities and county within these states(Los Angeles County, New York City and San Francisco) with large numbers of AAs and/or NHOPIs to conduct an assessment of current surveillance practices and identify areas for improvement. As a first step, a literature review was conducted to identify key issues. This was followed by consultations with experts from CDC and other federal agencies, academia, and partner organizations that work with AAs and NHOPIs. Finally, we held assessments_with state HIV case surveillance and Medical Monitoring Project/National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System coordinators to gain insight into issues of data collection, analysis, dissemination and use, and identify areas for improvement. Based on the findings of the assessment and recognizing that some approaches may be applicable in some jurisdictions but not others, we propose recommendations that should be standard practice to improve HIV surveillance among AAs and NHOPIs. We also propose recommended practices that expand on these basic improvements to be implemented where possible.

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