Characteristics of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Community Health Worker Programs: A Systematic Review
Published Date:May 2015
Source:J Health Care Poor Underserved. 26(2 0):238-268.
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4542074
Funding:1U48DP001904/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
L60 MD003083/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
P60 MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
P60MD000538/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS/United States
U48 DP001904/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U48DP005008/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U58 DP005621/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
U58DP005621/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS/United States
UL1TR000038/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/United States
Description:Community health workers (CHWs) are frontline health workers who often serve socially and linguistically isolated populations, including Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AA and NHPI) communities in the United States (U.S.) and U.S. territories. We conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to assess the characteristics of CHW programs for AA and NHPI communities in the U.S. and U.S. territories, generating a total of 75 articles. Articles were coded using eight domains: ethnic group, health topic, geographic location, funding mechanism, type of analysis reported, prevention/management focus, CHW role, and CHW title. Articles describing results of an intervention or program evaluation, or cost-effectiveness analysis were further coded with seven domains: study design, intervention recruitment and delivery site, mode of intervention delivery, outcomes assessed, key findings, and positive impact. Results revealed gaps in the current literature and point towards recommendations for future CHW research, program, and policy efforts.
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