Pharmacological Inhibition of the NLRP3 Inflammasome: Structure, Molecular Activation, and Inhibitor-NLRP3 Interaction
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields

Language:

Dates

Publication Date Range:

to

Document Data

Title:

Document Type:

Library

Collection:

Series:

People

Author:

Help
Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Help
Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page

i

Pharmacological Inhibition of the NLRP3 Inflammasome: Structure, Molecular Activation, and Inhibitor-NLRP3 Interaction

Filetype[PDF-2.68 MB]


  • English

  • Details:

    • Alternative Title:
      Pharmacol Rev
    • Personal Author:
    • Description:
      The nucleotide-binding, oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a multiprotein complex that combines sensing, regulation, and effector functions to regulate inflammation in health and disease. NLRP3 is activated by a diverse range of inflammation-instigating signals known as pathogen associated molecular patterns and danger associated molecular patterns. Upon activation, NLRP3 oligomerizes and recruits partner proteins to form a supramolecular platform to process the maturation and release of interleukin (IL)-1|, IL-18, and gasdermin D, major mediators of inflammation and inflammatory cell death termed pyroptosis. The NLRP3 inflammasome has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide range of disease conditions, including chronic inflammatory disease that are associated with lifestyle and dietary changes, aging, and environmental exposures, and have become the leading cause of death worldwide. Pharmacological targeting of NLRP3 and signaling demonstrated promising efficacy in ameliorating a list of disease conditions in animal models. These findings underscore the potential and importance of NLRP3 as a druggable target for treating a range of diseases. In this review, recent progress in understanding the structure and mechanism of action of the NLRP3 inflammasome is discussed with focus on pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 by small molecule inhibitors. New structural and mechanistic insights into NLRP3 activation and inhibitor-NLRP3 interactions would aid in the rational design and pharmacological evaluation of NLRP3 inhibitors for treatment of human disease. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: The NLRP3 inflammasome plays central role in innate immune sensing and control of inflammation. Pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 demonstrated promising efficacy in a range of diseases in animal models. Recent elucidation of the structure and inhibitor binding of NLRP3 generated new insights into its mode of action and inhibitor-NLRP3 interaction at molecular levels, providing new framework for developing small chemical inhibitors of NLRP3 with improved efficacy and specificity against chronic disease that has become major health concerns worldwide.
    • Pubmed ID:
      36669831
    • Pubmed Central ID:
      PMC10121800
    • Document Type:
    • Collection(s):
    • Main Document Checksum:
    • File Type:

    You May Also Like

    Checkout today's featured content at stacks.cdc.gov