Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Michigan’s School-Wide Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening Program in Four Detroit High Schools
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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Michigan’s School-Wide Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening Program in Four Detroit High Schools

Filetype[PDF-228.45 KB]

  • English

  • Details:

    • Alternative Title:
      J Adolesc Health
    • Description:

      The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, in collaboration with St. John Providence Health System, initiated voluntary school-wide sexually transmitted disease (STD) screenings in four Detroit public high schools. We sought to assess the cost-effectiveness of the STD screening program from 2010 to 2015, with a focus on chlamydia.


      The costs and effectiveness of the school-based screening were compared with those of a “no school screening” scenario using a healthcare system perspective. A decision tree model was constructed to project cases of chlamydia, epididymitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in each of the two scenarios among students tested positive and their partners. Health effects were measured as cases of PID prevented, and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained. Cost estimates included program costs, chlamydia testing/treatment costs in the absence of school screening, and treatment costs for epididymitis, PID, and PID sequelae. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was measured as cost/QALY gained. Multivariate sensitivity analyses were conducted on key parameter estimates and assumptions used.


      Under base-case assumptions, at a total program cost of $333,848 over 5 years, the program prevented an estimated 1.9 cases of epididymitis and 17.3 cases of PID, resulting in an ICER of $38,235/QALY gained (yearly ICER ranging from $27,417 to $50,945/QALY). Of 10,000 Monte Carlo simulation runs, the yearly ICER remained ≤$50,000/QALY in 64%–98% of the simulation runs.


      We found favorable cost-effectiveness ratios for Michigan’s school-wide STD screening program in Detroit. School-based STD screening programs of this type warrant careful considerations by policy makers and program planners.

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