A fully automated high-throughput liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for measuring creatinine in urine
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A fully automated high-throughput liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for measuring creatinine in urine

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  • Alternative Title:
    Clin Mass Spectrom
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    Reliable creatinine measurements are important to evaluate kidney function and for creatinine correction to reduce biological variability of other urinary analytes. A high-throughput, accurate liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for quantitation of human urinary creatinine has been developed and validated. Sample preparation was fully automated including cryovial decapping, sample ID scanning and two serial dilution steps. Quantitation was performed using a stable isotope-labeled internal standard. Multiplexed chromatographic separation of creatinine was achieved within a one-minute analysis and followed by tandem mass spectrometry in positive electrospray ionization mode. The precursor and product ions of creatinine and D|-creatinine were monitored in selected reaction monitoring mode. Method validation results showed reproducibility with within-run precision of 3.59, 3.49 and 2.84% and between-run precision of 4.01, 3.28 and 3.57% for low, medium and high quality control materials prepared from pooled donor urine, respectively. The method showed excellent accuracy with a bias of -1.94%, -0.78% and -1.07% for three levels of certified reference material. The calibration curve was linear throughout a 7.50-300 mg/dL (0.663-26.5 mmol/L) measurement range (R| = 0.999), with the mean slope of 0.0115 (95%CI, 0.0108-0.0122) and intercept of 0.0027 (95%CI, 0.0003-0.0051). The limit of detection (LOD) of the method was 3.17 mg/dL (0.280 mmol/L). Analytical specificity was achieved by chromatographically separating creatinine from potentially interfering creatine within a one-minute run and monitoring the Quantitation Ion/Confirmation Ion (QI/CI) ratios in samples. A simple, accurate, high-throughput method was successfully developed for measuring creatinine in human urine samples.
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