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Factors Associated With Avoiding Health Care Among Community-Dwelling Medicare Beneficiaries With Type 2 Diabetes
  • Published Date:
    October 15 2020
  • Source:
    Prev Chronic Dis. 2020; 17
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-485.08 KB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Prev Chronic Dis
  • Description:
    Introduction

    Health care avoidance by Medicare beneficiaries with chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes can result in adverse health and economic outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe factors associated with choices to avoid health care among Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes.

    Methods

    We used a survey-weighted logistic model and the nationally representative 2016 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey to analyze data on 1,782 Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥65 with type 2 diabetes, to examine associations between Medicare beneficiaries’ decisions to avoid health care and multiple factors (eg, dissatisfaction with information given by providers, health problems that should have been discussed with providers but were not, worry about health more than other people their age).

    Results

    Of our study sample, 26.1% reported they avoid health care. Five factors were associated with avoiding health care: delaying care (vs not) because of costs (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.06; P = .005); having health problems that should have been discussed with providers but were not (vs having discussions) (aOR = 1.50; P = .04); worrying (vs not) about health more than other people their age (aOR = 2.13; P < .001); self-reporting “other” minority race (vs non-Hispanic White) (aOR = 2.01; P = .006); and education levels. Participants with less than a high school diploma (aOR = 1.95; P = .001) and participants with a high school diploma only (aOR = 1.49; P = .049) were more likely than participants with an education beyond high school to report avoiding health care.

    Conclusion

    Approximately 1 in 4 Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes avoid health care. We found inequities in care-seeking behavior by race/ethnicity and education level. Health care perceptions and lack of appropriate discussion of health care concerns with health care providers are also associated with this behavior. Clinical interventions (eg, improved patient–provider communication) and educational outreach are needed to decrease the numbers of Medicare beneficiaries who avoid health care.

  • Pubmed ID:
    33059795
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC7587306
  • Document Type:
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