Roof Monitoring Helps Prevent Injuries in Stone Mines
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Roof Monitoring Helps Prevent Injuries in Stone Mines

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    From 1990 to 1996, 16 states reported 92 injuries from falls of roof, rib or face in the more than 90underground stone mines in the United States (Fig.1). Missouri, Pennsylvania and Kentucky accounted for48% of the total number of injuries (Fig.2). Of this total, 11 miners were killed. Of the 11 fatalities, 10, or 91 %,were associated with unrecognized loose or failed rock within the roof beam. Additionally, unrecognized roof beam failures resulted in a majority of the falls of ground injuries occurring in underground US stone mines from1990 to 1996. his number is not large in magnitude. But a workforce of fewer than 2,000 miners makes for a high fatal-accident rate. The severity of the typical fall-of-ground injury is, in general, very high. About three-fifths of all roof; face and rib fall injuries were designated by the US Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) as some kind of lost time accident. MSHA assigns each accident a severity value from one to six. A one represents a fatality, a two, a permanent disability and three, a lost time accident (Fig. 3).
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