State suicide rates among adolescents and young adults aged 10–24 : United States, 2000–2018
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State suicide rates among adolescents and young adults aged 10–24 : United States, 2000–2018
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    Objectives—This report presents suicide death rates among persons aged 10–24 for the United States and by state for 2000 through 2018 and percent change between 3-year periods of 2007–2009 and 2016–2018. Suicide rates are compared among states for 2016–2018. Methods—Data are from death certificates from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Suicide rates among persons aged 10–24 per 100,000 population are computed for each year from 2000 through 2018 for the states and years where sufficient cases existed to produce reliable rates. Percent change between 3-year averages of suicide rates for 2007–2009 and 2016–2018 are computed for each area except the District of Columbia. Suicide rates for 2016–2018 are compared among states. Results—Nationally, the suicide rate among persons aged 10–24 was statistically stable from 2000 to 2007 and then increased 57.4%, from 6.8 per 100,000 in 2007 to 10.7 in 2018. Between 2007–2009 and 2016–2018, suicide rates increased significantly in 42 states, increased nonsignificantly in 8 states, and were not possible to assess in the District of Columbia due to small numbers. Significant increases ranged from 21.7% in Maryland to a more than doubling of the rate in New Hampshire. In 2016–2018, suicide rates for persons aged 10–24 were highest in Alaska, while some of the lowest rates in the country were among states in the Northeast. Youth suicide has become an increasingly prominent public health issue (1,2). Recent research has documented increases from 2005 to 2017 in serious psychological distress, major depression, and suicidal thoughts and attempts among adolescents and young adults (3). A recent report from the National Center for Health Statistics found that the suicide death rate among persons aged 10–24 increased 56% from 2007 through 2017 (1). This report extends the previous analysis of deaths by suicide among youth aged 10–24 by including rates for 2018, the latest year for which final mortality data are available, and by presenting suicide numbers and rates for persons aged 10–24 by state where it is possible to provide a statistically reliable rate, from 2000 through 2018. Three-year averages of suicide rates for 2007–2009 are compared with those for 2016– 2018 for all states. Suggested citation: Curtin SC. State suicide rates among adolescents and young adults aged 10–24: United States, 2000–2018. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 69 no 11. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2020. CS319732 nvsr-69-11-508.pdf
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    Abstract -- Introduction -- Data Source and Methods: Rates and significance testing -- Results: Trends in suicide rates; State comparisons in suicide rates for 2016–2018 -- Summary -- References -- Detailed Table.
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