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Prevalence and Predictors of High Blood Pressure Among Women of Reproductive Age and Children Aged 10 to 14 Years in Guatemala
  • Published Date:
    July 23 2020
  • Source:
    Prev Chronic Dis. 2020; 17
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-710.64 KB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Prev Chronic Dis
  • Description:
    Introduction Data on the prevalence and predictors of high blood pressure among children and non-pregnant women of reproductive age are sparse in Guatemala. Our objective was to identify the prevalence and predictors of high blood pressure among women of reproductive age and children in Guatemala. Methods We analyzed data on blood pressure among 560 children aged 10 to 14 years and 1,182 non-pregnant women aged 15 to 49 from a cross-sectional, nationally representative household survey, SIVESNU (Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Salud y Nutrición). We defined high blood pressure among children by using 2004 and 2017 US pediatric guidelines. We defined high blood pressure among women by using 1999 World Health Organization (WHO) and 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify significant predictors of high blood pressure. A base model included key covariates (age, ethnicity, socioeconomic index, anthropometric indicators) and accounted for complex sampling. We used backward elimination to identify additional candidate predictor variables. Results High blood pressure was prevalent among 8.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.4%–10.7%) and 14.0% (95% CI, 10.6%–17.5%) of children using 2004 and 2017 guidelines, respectively; and among 12.7% (95% CI, 10.7%–14.8%) and 41.1% (95% CI, 37.7%–44.4%) of women using 1999 WHO and 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines, respectively. Levels of awareness, treatment, and control of high blood pressure were low in women. Among children, significant predictors of high blood pressure were obesity, overweight, and indigenous ethnicity. Among women, significant predictors of high blood pressure included obesity, overweight, and diabetes. Conclusion The prevalence of high blood pressure was high among Guatemalan women and children. Overweight and obesity were strong risk factors for high blood pressure. Increasing obesity prevention and control programs may help prevent high blood pressure, and expanding high blood pressure screening and treatment could increase awareness and control of high blood pressure in Guatemala.
  • Pubmed ID:
    32701434
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC7380295
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