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Collins Report - Volume 3 Theoretical Data Base - Research And Development Contract For Coal Mine Communication System - Section 1 - Theoretical Approach To VLF Through-The-Earth Propagation
  • Published Date:
    11/15/1974
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Collins Report - Volume 3 Theoretical Data Base - Research And Development Contract For Coal Mine Communication System - Section 1 - Theoretical Approach To VLF Through-The-Earth Propagation
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  • Description:
    A knowledge of the mechanics of wave propagation through the earth is essential if reliable communication systems are to be designed for coal mine environments. To obtain a reliable basis from which accurate propagation predictions could be drawn, a series of theoretical studies have been prepared for the US Bureau of Mines by Mr. Ramsay Decker of Spectra Associates, Inc. through a subcontract with Collins Radio Group. These reports formulate the analytical techniques from which we may derive frequencies and antenna configurations that yield the optimum signal-to-noise ratios over the greatest distances in mine environments. The reports of sections 2 and 4 deal with analytical techniques for determining the signal-to- noise ratio within a mine environment for loop-to-loop and line source-to-loop antenna con- figurations. The analytical results of these reports were then implemented into computer programs to obtain predictions concerning through-the-earth signal propagation. These preliminary predictions are based on noise data compiled by Bensema, Maxwell and Stone, and WVU prior to the extensive research conducted by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS). These initial measurements indicated a 20- to 30-dB lower noise level than that measured recently by NBS. The recent NBS data is that used by Collins in the final predictions. The following outline indicates the order and subject matter treated in the subsequent sections: Section 2 - Signal-to-Noise Analysis for Loop-to-Loop Mine Communications Section 3 - The Horizontal Electric Dipole Section 4 - Signal-to-Noise Analysis for Down-Link Line Source Mine Communications Section 5 - LF Communication Section 6 - The Application of Recent NBS Noise Data to Mine Communications Section 7 - Analysis of Mine Communication Propagation Programs

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