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Engineering controls to reduce airborne, droplet and contact exposures during epidemic/pandemic response
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  • Description:
    Oftentimes, local and national protective guidance issued during a pandemic might call upon the use of airborne infection isolation rooms (AIIRs) for patients and/or specific patient procedures. Within U.S. hospitals, AIIRs are patient rooms with specific engineered features, intended to isolate and more-quickly remove potentially infectious patient aerosols. During an epidemic or pandemic, the demand for AIIRs may exceed their availability. When this occurs, healthcare facilities may choose to use portable fan systems with high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration to establish surge AIIR capacity. Although there is substantial research indicating potential shortcomings when HEPA fan/filter units are deployed incorrectly, there has historically been minimal guidance on how to deploy these units correctly. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has developed guidance for using portable HEPA filtration systems to create expedient patient isolation rooms. The Expedient Patient Isolation Room guidance is researched based and is an effective solution for surge isolation capacity during outbreaks when traditional airborne isolation rooms are not available.

  • Content Notes:
    Expedient Patient Isolation Rooms -- Instructions for Establishing Expedient Patient Isolation Room for Surge Airborne isolation Capacity Within a Traditional Healthcare Environment.
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