Human coronavirus types
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.
Clear All


Up-to-date Information

Up-to-Date Info: To find the latest CDC information on this topic go to:

Human coronavirus types

Filetype[PDF-60.80 KB]

  • English

  • Details:

    • Description:
      Coronaviruses are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface. There are four main sub-groupings of coronaviruses, known as alpha, beta, gamma, and delta. Human coronaviruses were first identified in the mid-1960s. The seven coronaviruses that can infect people are: Common human coronaviruses 1. 229E (alpha coronavirus) 2. NL63 (alpha coronavirus) 3. OC43 (beta coronavirus) 4. HKU1 (beta coronavirus) Other human coronaviruses 5. MERS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS) 6. SARS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS) 7. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) People around the world commonly get infected with human coronaviruses 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1. Sometimes coronaviruses that infect animals can evolve and make people sick and become a new human coronavirus. Three recent examples of this are 2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV, and MERS-CoV.
    • Document Type:
    • Main Document Checksum:
    • File Type:

    Supporting Files

    More +

    You May Also Like

    Checkout today's featured content at