Prevalence of COPD among workers with work-related asthma
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Prevalence of COPD among workers with work-related asthma

  • Published Date:

    July 15 2019

  • Source:
    J Asthma. 57(11):1179-1187
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Public Access Version Available on: November 01, 2021, 12:00 AM information icon
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  • Alternative Title:
    J Asthma
  • Description:
    Objective: Concurrent asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) diagnoses occur in 15%–20% of patients, and have been associated with worse health outcomes than asthma or COPD alone. Work-related asthma (WRA), asthma that is caused or made worse by exposures in the workplace, is characterized by poorly controlled asthma. The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of ever-employed adults (≥18 years) with current asthma who have been diagnosed with COPD, by WRA status. Methods: Data from 23,137 respondents to the 2012–2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey from 31 states and the District of Columbia were examined. Logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs), examining six disjoint categories of WRA-COPD overlap with non-WRA/no COPD as the referent category. Results: An estimated 51.9% of adults with WRA and 25.6% of adults with non-WRA had ever been diagnosed with COPD. Adults with WRA/COPD were more likely than those with non-WRA/no COPD to have an asthma attack (PR = 1.77), urgent treatment for worsening asthma (PR = 2.85), an asthma-related emergency room visit (PR = 4.21), overnight stay in a hospital because of asthma (PR = 6.57), an activity limitation on 1–13 days (PR = 2.01) or ≥14 days (PR = 5.02), and very poorly controlled asthma (PR = 3.22). Conclusions: COPD was more frequently diagnosed among adults with WRA than those with non-WRA, and adults diagnosed with both WRA and COPD appear to have more severe adverse asthma outcomes than those with non-WRA and no COPD.
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