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School health policies and practices brief : epilepsy and seizure cisorder
  • Published Date:
    3/15/17
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-1.72 MB]


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  • Description:
    The term epilepsy is a broad term used for conditions that affect the brain and cause recurring seizures.About 0.6% of children aged 0 to 17 years have active epilepsy in the United States.2 In 2013, that was about 460,000 children.3 If you picture a school with 1,000 students, about 6 students would have epilepsy. For many children, epilepsy is easily controlled with medication, and they can participate in the same activities as other children and perform as well academically. For others, this condition can be more challenging. Early detection, intervention, and access to supportive services may prevent academic problems in children with epilepsy or seizure disorder.4

    A 2015 CDC study, based on 2009–2010 national data, found that 36% of students aged 6 to 17 years with epilepsy were more likely to have missed 11 or more days of school in the past year, compared with 18% of students with other health concerns.4 Students with epilepsy were also more likely to have difficulties in school (such as problems communicating), use special education services, and have activity limitations (such as less participation in sports or clubs) compared with students with other medical conditions, such as autism or intellectual disability.

    CDC also found that, compared with those without the disorder, a larger percentage of children with epilepsy lived in very low income households (below 200% of the federal poverty level).This finding suggests that families of children with epilepsy may have unmet needs.4 In addition, children and adolescents with epilepsy have been shown to have an additional $9,100 a year in associated medical costs than those without the disorder.

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    SchoolHealthProfilesBrief.pdf

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