Nonstandard work arrangements in the construction industry
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Nonstandard work arrangements in the construction industry

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      "Employment in the construction industry is based on relatively short-term contracts (Ringen et al., 2018). Therefore, few construction jobs are under the "standard work arrangement" typically found in manufacturing and other industry sectors (Howard, 2017). In recent years, new types of nontraditional or nonstandard-work arrangements have emerged in the U.S. economy, such as on-call workers, day laborers, workers provided by contract firms, and gig workers (GAO 2006, 2015, 2019). Studies have demonstrated a disproportionate risk for occupational injuries and illnesses and other adverse health outcomes resulting from these nonstandard work arrangements (Benach and Muntaner, 2004; GAO, 2015; Smith, 2009; Virtanen, 2005). The National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) for Construction has emphasized this burden and the need to study high risk worker groups including those with nonstandard work arrangements (NIOSH, 2018; NIOSH NORA, 2018). Despite the importance, data sources that can be used to measure risks among workers employed in different work arrangements remain scarce, and definitions of "standard" and "nonstandard" work arrangements are inconsistent in existing research (BLS, 2018; GAO, 2006; Katz and Krueger, 2016). Within these constrains, CPWR conducted a series of studies on work arrangements in construction using available data sources (CPWR, 2002, 2008, 2015, 2018). This Quarterly Data Report provides updated information on work arrangements in construction by analyzing data from the 2017 Contingent Worker Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS), a household survey conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Because of the complexity of terms and definitions used in this report, readers are advised to not only study the charts, but also read the definitions and accompanying text." - NIOSHTIC-2

      NIOSHTIC no. 20056601

      The CPWR Data Center is part of CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training.CPWR is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit research and training institution created by North America’s Building Trades Unions, and serves as its research arm. CPWR has focused on construction safety and health research since 1990. The Quarterly Data Reports – a series of publications analyzing construction-related data, is part of our ongoing surveillance project funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

      CPWR is the research and training arm of NABTU. Production of this document was supported by cooperative agreement OH 009762 from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIOSH.


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