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U.S. decennial life tables for 1979-81, volume I, number 2, United States life tables, eliminating certain causes of death
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U.S. decennial life tables for 1979-81, volume I, number 2, United States life tables, eliminating certain causes of death
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    In this report social life tables by cause of death are published for 1979-81. Multiple-decrement life table functions and cause-elimination life tables are presented. Separate life table values are presented for each of the seven categorie% totalpopulation,whitemales,whitefemales,malesotherthan white, females other than white, black males, and black females.

    The life table provides a method of summarizing the survivorship experience of a population. Life tables can be either cohort (generation) or cross-sectional (current). In a cohort life table, a single group of persons, most often defined by their year of birth, is followed throughout their lives and the survival experience of the group is recorded. For example, the group of people born in 1840 could be followed throughout their lives and a life table could be constructed to summarize their actual survival experience. The obvious disadvantage to a cohort life table is the long period of observation required to follow the cohort until extinction.

    As an alternative, life tables can be constructed on a cross-sectional basis, In the cross-sectional life table, death rates for a current calendar year are translated into survivalprobabilities and a life table for a “synthetic” cohort is constructed,In this manner, the mortality rates for a specificperiod may be summarized by the life-table method to obtain measures of comparative longevity,

    79_1_1.pdf

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