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Review
  • Published Date:

    November 2018

  • Source:
    Am J Prev Med. 55(5):677-690
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-595.19 KB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Am J Prev Med
  • Description:
    Context: The objective of this systematic review was to update a prior review and summarize the evidence (newly identified and cumulative) on the impact of contraceptive counseling provided in clinical settings. Evidence acquisition: Multiple databases, including PubMed, were searched during 2016–2017 for articles published from March 1, 2011, to November 30, 2016. Evidence synthesis: The search strategy identified 24,953 articles; ten studies met inclusion criteria. Two of three new studies that examined contraceptive counseling interventions (i.e., enhanced models to standard of care) among adolescents and young adults found a statistically significant positive impact on at least one outcome of interest. Five of seven new studies that examined contraceptive counseling, in general, or specific counseling interventions or aspects of counseling (e.g., personalization) among adults or mixed populations (adults and adolescents) found a statistically significant positive impact on at least one outcome of interest. In combination with the initial review, six of nine studies among adolescents and young adults and 16 of 23 studies among adults or mixed populations found a statistically significant positive impact of counseling on at least one outcome of interest. Conclusions: Overall, evidence supports the utility of contraceptive counseling, in general, and specific interventions or aspects of counseling. Promising components of contraceptive counseling were identified. The following would strengthen the evidence base: improved documentation of counseling content and processes, increased attention to the relationships between client experiences and behavioral outcomes, and examining the comparative effectiveness of different counseling approaches to identify those that are most effective. Theme information: This article is part of a theme issue entitled Updating the Systematic Reviews Used to Develop the U.S. Recommendations for Providing Quality Family Planning Services, which is sponsored by the Office of Population Affairs, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • Pubmed ID:
    30342631
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6613590
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