Mid-America Steel Drum Company, Inc. Saint Francis, Wisconsin
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    MASD is located at 3950 South Pennsylvania Avenue. The facility reconditions 55-gallon drums that have contained hazardous chemicals using a washing technique to remove the residual chemicals. Steel drums undergo multiple wash cycles, are acid washed to remove rust, shot blasted to remove paint and labels, then repainted. MASD is only allowed to process drums that are "empty", i.e. they contain an inch or less ofresidue in the bottom. Non-empty containers are termed "heavies" and must be sent back to the vendor [EPA 2017b]. EPA cited MASD St. Francis for multiple violations of the Clean Air Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, including unlawful storage ofhazardous waste; EPA found a "heavy" drum on-site with ignitable hazardous waste and one with corrosive hazardous waste [EPA 2017e,f].


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    Acronym List -- Introduction -- What are the potential health risks from the vapor intrusion pathway? -- When should a vapor intrusion pathway be evaluated? -- Why is it so difficult to assess the public health hazard posed by the vapor intrusion pathway? -- What is the best approach for a public health evaluation of the vapor intrusion pathway? -- Public health evaluation. -- Vapor intrusion evaluation process outline -- References -- Appendix A. Vapor Intrusion Health Assessment Checklist -- Appendix B. Information for Evaluating Variability -- Appendix C. Chemicals for Vapor Intrusion Assessment -- Appendix D. Sample Template Table for Media-Specific Screening of Vapor Intrusion Data -- Appendix E. Special Considerations for Evaluating Petroleum Vapor Intrusion.
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