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Understanding geographic variations of indoor radon potential for comprehensive cancer control planning
  • Published Date:
    May 09 2019
  • Source:
    Cancer Causes Control. 30(7):707-712
  • Language:
    English


Public Access Version Available on: July 01, 2020 information icon
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    31073874
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6556404
  • Description:
    Purpose

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of U.S. cancer deaths and radon is the second leading risk factor for lung cancer. By better understanding geologic variations of radon production in states, comprehensive cancer control efforts could be improved. The study purpose was to assess states with the greatest potential for elevated radon and the likelihood of radon-related actions in National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP) awardee cancer plans.

    Methods

    Two state-level variables were derived to approximate potential for elevated radon using the Environmental Protection Agency county map and the 2015 U.S. Census. The association between radon potential and inclusion of radon activity within cancer plans was evaluated using logistic regression.

    Results

    Fifty-one percent of cancer plans recognized an association between radon and cancer risk, and included measurable radon activities. Most states with high radon potential included radon activity in cancer plans. Both measures of radon potential were significantly associated with NCCCP cancer plans including radon activity.

    Conclusions

    Geospatial analyses help to prioritize radon-related lung cancer activities. In areas with high potential for radon exposure, increasing knowledge about potential for radon exposure may result in increased radon testing, mitigation, or other radon reducing strategies, and ultimately reduction of lung cancer deaths.

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