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Global Prevalence of Past-year Violence Against Children: A Systematic Review and Minimum Estimates
  • Published Date:
    January 25 2016
  • Source:
    Pediatrics. 137(3):e20154079
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-486.49 KB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    26810785
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6496958
  • Description:
    CONTEXT:

    Evidence confirms associations between childhood violence and major causes of mortality in adulthood. A synthesis of data on past-year prevalence of violence against children will help advance the United Nations’ call to end all violence against children.

    OBJECTIVES:

    Investigators systematically reviewed population-based surveys on the prevalence of past-year violence against children and synthesized the best available evidence to generate minimum regional and global estimates.

    DATA SOURCES:

    We searched Medline, PubMed, Global Health, NBASE, CINAHL, and the World Wide Web for reports of representative surveys estimating prevalences of violence against children.

    STUDY SELECTION:

    Two investigators independently assessed surveys against inclusion criteria and rated those included on indicators of quality.

    DATA EXTRACTION:

    Investigators extracted data on past-year prevalences of violent victimization by country, age group, and type (physical, sexual, emotional, or multiple types). We used a triangulation approach which synthesized data to generate minimum regional prevalences, derived from population-weighted averages of the country-specific prevalences.

    RESULTS:

    Thirty-eight reports provided quality data for 96 countries on past-year prevalences of violence against children. Base case estimates showed a minimum of 50% or more of children in Asia, Africa, and Northern America experienced past-year violence, and that globally over half of all children—1 billion children, ages 2–17 years—experienced such violence.

    LIMITATIONS:

    Due to variations in timing and types of violence reported, triangulation could only be used to generate minimum prevalence estimates.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Expanded population-based surveillance of violence against children is essential to target prevention and drive the urgent investment in action endorsed in the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.

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