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Circulating miRs-183-5p, -206-3p and -381-3p may serve as novel biomarkers for 4,4’-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate exposure
  • Published Date:
    December 12 2018
  • Source:
    Biomarkers. 24(1):76-90
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-1.87 MB]


Details:
  • Alternative Title:
    Biomarkers
  • Description:
    Background:

    Occupational exposure to the most widely used diisocyanate, 4,4’-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), is a cause of occupational asthma (OA). Early recognition of MDI exposure and sensitization is essential for the prevention of MDI-OA.

    Objective:

    Identify circulating microRNAs (miRs) as novel biomarkers for early detection of MDI exposure and prevention of MDI-OA.

    Materials and methods:

    Female BALB/c mice were exposed to one of three exposure regimens: dermal exposure to 1% MDI in acetone; nose-only exposure to 4580 ± 1497 μg/m3 MDI-aerosol for 60 minutes; or MDI dermal exposure/sensitization followed by MDI-aerosol inhalation challenge. Blood was collected and miRCURY™ miRs qPCR Profiling Service was used to profile circulating miRs from dermally exposed mice. Candidate miRs were identified and verified from mice exposed to three MDI-exposure regimens by TaqMan® miR assays.

    Results:

    Up/down-regulation patterns of circulating mmu-miRs-183-5p, -206-3p and -381-3p were identified and verified. Circulating mmu-miR-183-5p was upregulated whereas mmu-miRs-206-3p and -381-3p were downregulated in mice exposed via all three MDI exposure regimens.

    Discussion and conclusion:

    Upregulation of circulating miR-183-5p along with downregulation of circulating miRs-206-3p and -381-3p may serve as putative biomarkers of MDI exposure and may be considered as potential candidates for validation in exposed human worker populations.

  • Pubmed ID:
    30074411
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6474405
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