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Performance evaluation of disposable inhalable aerosol sampler at a copper electrorefinery
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    30640589
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6450734
  • Description:
    This study evaluates the performance of the disposable inhalable aerosol sampler (DIAS), a new sampler developed to be more cost-effective than the traditional inhalable particle samplers and comparable to the inhalable particle sampling convention. Forty-eight pairs of the DIAS prototype and the IOM sampler were utilized to collect copper exposure measurements (23 personal and 25 area) at an electrorefinery facility. The geometric mean (GM) value of ratios of exposure data (DIAS/IOM) was 1.1, while the GM of ratios (DIAS/IOM) was 1.6 for the area exposure data, revealing 84% of the ratios were greater than one. For both personal and area exposure data, the concordance correlation coefficient tests revealed significant disagreements between the two types of samplers and suggested precision as the source of the disagreement. The estimated mean concentration was higher for the DIAS compared that for the IOM for the area exposure data (p < 0.05), while the results were comparable for the personal exposure data (p = 0.49). Overall, the DIAS generated higher exposure results compared to the IOM sampler for the area exposures. For the personal exposures, the findings were inconclusive due to inconsistent results of factors aforementioned. This study is limited to one metal component (copper) of the dust at a worksite. To date, this is the first field evaluation using personal exposure data to test the performance of the DIAS and the second evaluation using area exposure data. Thus, it will be necessary to conduct additional field evaluations with various elements to further evaluate the performance of the DIAS. In addition, particle migration to the internal walls of the cap was observed during the transportation of collected samples to a laboratory for both sampler types (6.4% for the DIAS and 7.4% for the IOM). Occupational health and safety professionals should be aware of potential errors caused from transferring samples from a field to a laboratory and should be careful not to exclude particles collected on the caps.

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