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Human Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis Knowledge and Retention Among Health Professionals by Using an Online Continuing Education Module: Arizona, 2012 to 2015
  • Published Date:
    Apr 06 2018
  • Source:
    Pedagogy Health Promot. 5(1):14-23
  • Language:

Public Access Version Available on: March 01, 2020, 12:00 AM information icon
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  • Alternative Title:
    Pedagogy Health Promot
  • Description:
    Rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is administered for rabies prevention after a human exposure to a potentially rabid animal, such as a bite. Previous studies have reported that rabies PEP is often inappropriately administered. Health professional education was proposed as one potential solution to address inappropriate PEP use. We assessed baseline knowledge, knowledge gain, and knowledge retention among health professionals in Arizona of rabies epidemiology and appropriate PEP administration. Maricopa County Department of Public Health created an online rabies PEP continuing education module and measured knowledge before and after module completion using a 10-question test. The same test was administered three times (pretest, posttest, and retention test at ≥3 months). To assess knowledge gain and retention, we compared median scores using nonparametric methods. A total of 302 respondents completed the pretest (median score, 60%) and posttest (median score, 90%; | < .001); 98 respondents completed all three tests with median scores 60% (pretest), 90% (posttest, | < .01), and 80% (retention test and compared with pretest, | < .01). Sixty-nine (70%) respondents improved their pretest to retention test score by a mean of 2.4 points out of a total 10 points (median: 2 points; range: -5 to 7 points). Only 48% of pretest respondents correctly answered that PEP should not be administered immediately to anyone bitten by a healthy dog. However, 81% and 70% answered correctly on the posttest (| < .0001) and retention test (| = .002), respectively. Respondents demonstrated rabies epidemiology and PEP knowledge gain and ≥3-month knowledge retention after completing the online continuing education module.

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