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Excessive heat events guidebook
  • Published Date:
    June 2006
Filetype[PDF - 710.18 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; United States, Dept. of Homeland Security. ; United States, Environmental Protection Agency., Office of Atmospheric Programs. ; ... More ▼
  • Description:
    Chapter 1 .Overview. -- 1.1. Why Care about EHEs? -- 1.2. Guidebook Goals -- 1.3. Guidebook Development -- -- Chapter 2. EHE Health Impacts and Risk Sources. -- 2.1. Defining an EHE -- 2.2. Health Risks Attributable to EHE Conditions -- 2.3. Quantifying the Health Impacts of EHEs -- 2.3.1. EHEs and U.S. mortality -- 2.3.2. EHEs and U.S. morbidity -- 2.4. Identifying Characteristics that Affect EHE Health Risks. -- 2.4.1. Meteorological conditions -- 2.4.2. Demographic sensitivities -- 2.4.3. Behavioral choices -- 2.4.4. Regional factors -- -- Chapter 3. Summary of Current EHE Notification and Response Programs. -- 3.1. Elements in Select EHE Programs -- 3.1.1. EHE prediction -- 3.1.2. EHE risk assessment. -- 3.1.3. EHE notification and response -- 3.1.4. EHE mitigation -- 3.2. Case Studies in the Development and Implementation of EHE Programs -- 3.2.1. Philadelphia -- 3.2.2. Toronto. -- 3.2.3. Phoenix -- 3.3. Evidence on the Performance of EHE Programs -- -- Chapter 4. Recommendations for EHE Notification and Response Programs. -- 4.1. EHE Definition and Forecasting. -- 4.1.1. EHE criteria must reflect local conditions -- 4.1.2. Ensure access to timely meteorological forecasts -- 4.2. Public Education and Awareness of EHE Risk Factors and Health Impacts -- 4.2.1. Increase and improve EHE notification and public education -- 4.2.2. Provide information on proper use of portable electric fans during EHEs -- 4.3. EHE Response Preparation -- 4.3.1. Develop a clear plan of action identifying roles and responsibilities. -- 4.3.2. Develop long-term urban planning programs to minimize heat island formation -- 4.4. EHE Response Actions -- 4.5. Review EHE Programs to Address Changing Needs, Opportunities, and Constraints -- . -- Appendix A: Excessive Heat Event Resources Available on the Internet. -- Appendix B: Use of Portable Electric Fans during Excessive Heat Events. -- Appendix C: Excessive Heat Events Guidebook in Brief.

    "Excessive heat events (EHEs) are and will continue to be a fact of life in the United States. These events are a public health threat because they often increase the number of daily deaths (mortality) and other nonfatal adverse health outcomes (morbidity) in affected populations. Distinct groups within the population, generally those who are older, very young, or poor, or have physical challenges or mental impairments, are at elevated risk for experiencing EHE-attributable health problems. However, because EHEs can be accurately forecasted and a number of low cost but effective responses are well understood, future health impacts of EHEs could be reduced. This guidebook provides critical information that local public health officials and others need to begin assessing their EHE vulnerability and developing and implementing EHE notification and response programs." - 5

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