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Estimates of the direct and indirect costs of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the United States, 1985, 1986, and 1991.
  • Published Date:
    1987 Jan-Feb
  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 102(1):5-17
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-2.20 MB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Rep
  • Description:
    This study presents three estimates--ranging from low to high--of the direct and indirect costs of the AIDS epidemic in the United States in 1985, 1986, and 1991, based on prevalence estimates provided by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). According to what the authors consider their best estimates, personal medical care costs of AIDS in current dollars will rise from $630 million in 1985 to $1.1 billion in 1986 to $8.5 billion in 1991. Nonpersonal costs (for research, screening, education, and general support services) are estimated to rise from $319 million in 1985 to $542 million in 1986 to $2.3 billion in 1991. Indirect costs attributable to loss of productivity resulting from morbidity and premature mortality are estimated to rise from $3.9 billion in 1985 to $7.0 billion in 1986 to $55.6 billion in 1991. While estimated personal medical care costs of AIDS represent only 0.2 percent in 1985 and 0.3 percent in 1986 of estimated total personal health care expenditures for the U.S. population, they represent 1.4 percent of estimated personal health care expenditures in 1991. Similarly, while estimated indirect costs of AIDS represent 1.2 percent in 1985 and 2.1 percent in 1986 of the estimated indirect costs of all illness, they are estimated to rise to almost 12 percent in 1991. Estimates of personal medical care costs were based on data from various sources around the United States concerning average number of hospitalizations per year, average length of hospital stay, average charge per hospital day, and average outpatient charges of persons with AIDS. For estimating the indirect costs the human capital method was used, and it was assumed that average wages and labor force participation rates of persons with AIDS were the same as those for the general population by age and sex.

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