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Hypertension control: meeting the 1990 objectives for the nation.
  • Published Date:
    1984 May-Jun
  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 99(3):300-307
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-1.88 MB]


Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    6429729
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMCnull
  • Description:
    Hypertension (high blood pressure) is 1 of 15 health priorities of the Public Health Service set forth in the report, "Promoting Health/Preventing Disease: Objectives for the Nation." The nine objectives for hypertension include improved health status, reduced risk factors, increased public-professional awareness, improved services and protection, and improved surveillance-evaluation systems. A number of Federal agencies, coordinated by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, are working to reach the hypertension objectives in cooperation with State, local, and voluntary agencies and organizations. A great deal of progress has been made toward the objectives, as reflected by a variety of indicators. By 1980, for example, 34.1 percent of the population with hypertension had their blood pressure controlled at less than 160/95 mm Hg, but in 1972 only 16.5 percent were so controlled. Since 1972, the age-adjusted death rate has dropped 42 percent for stroke and 27 percent for coronary heart disease. Data indicate that the national goal for sodium ingestion (3-6 grams daily) may already have been met. Fifty-one percent of the population understand that hypertension may lead to stroke, meeting another objective. Public knowledge about hypertension as a "major likely cause of heart trouble" almost doubled in the 6-year period for which data are available. In 1982, 30 percent of processed food in grocery stores had sodium content labeling and almost 50 percent had calorie labeling, according to studies conducted by the Bureau of Foods of the Food and Drug Administration. Efforts are underway to develop a methodology for assessing incidence of hypertension and categories of hypertension control, a need spelled out in another objective.

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