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A comprehensive approach; preventing blood-borne infections among injection drug users
  • Published Date:
    December 2000
Filetype[PDF-2.48 MB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    Academy for Educational Development ; National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.), Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. ;
  • Description:
    NPIN 25665: This monograph provides a comprehensive approach to addressing the injection drug user's (IDU's) role in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic and recommends strategies for community groups, agencies, and providers to help reduce the IDU's sexual and drug-use risks of HIV transmission. It discusses incorporating prevention strategies that address injection drug user's (IDU's) differing life circumstances, cultures and languages, behaviors, and readiness to change; how IDUs play a key role in the transmission of HIV and other blood-borne infections; the limited prevention options for IDUs based on legal, social, and policy climates; and the eight key strategies for preventing HIV and blood-borne diseases among IDUs including (1) substance abuse treatment; (2) community outreach; (3) interventions to increase access to sterile syringes; (4) interventions in the criminal justice system; (5) strategies to prevent sexual transmission; (6) HIV counseling and testing, partner counseling and referral services, and prevention case management; (7) coordinated services for IDUs living with HIV/AIDS; and (8) primary drug prevention. The appendix details the eight key strategies and describes the service or intervention, explains its importance, provides findings from research and programs, and describes the issues and barriers facing providers and agencies in that area.

    This document was prepared by the Academy for Educational Development's (AED) Center for Community-Based Health Strategies under Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention contract no. 200-97-0605, Task 018

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