Nonfatal Physical Violence, U.S., 1994
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Nonfatal Physical Violence, U.S., 1994

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  • English

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    • Alternative Title:
      Public Health Rep
    • Description:
      Most surveillance and research efforts focus on severe violence, especially on homicides. Because less extreme forms of violence may be precursors to more extreme forms, the authors analyzed data from a national survey to describe the extent of nonfatal physical violence in the US. The authors generated weighted national estimates from responses to a random-digit-dialed telephone survey. Respondents were asked if they had been "hit, slapped, pushed, or kicked by another person or hit with an object or weapon" in the preceding 12 months. Respondents were also asked how many times such incidents had occurred and, for the last such episode, their relationship with the perpetrator, whether they had been injured, and, if so, whether they had sought medical treatment. The authors estimate that approximately 15 million people, or 8% of the US adult population, experienced nonfatal physical violence, as defined for this study, during a 12-month period. Male gender, the 18-24-year-old age group, never having been married, being out of work or a student, and heavy drinking were associated with a higher likelihood of being assaulted. An estimated 75% of assaults were by a known person and 26% by a stranger. Women were more likely than men to be assaulted by current or former intimate partners; men were more likely than women to be assaulted by strangers. An estimated 18% of incidents resulted in injuries, and an estimated 7% required medical attention. Nonfatal physical violence is fairly common in the US and may lead to more than one million medical encounters each year.
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