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Adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage intake is associated with parent intake, not knowledge of health risks
  • Published Date:
    Apr 04 2018
  • Source:
    Am J Health Promot. 32(8):1661-1670
  • Language:
    English


Public Access Version Available on: November 01, 2019 information icon
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Details:
  • Pubmed ID:
    29618222
  • Pubmed Central ID:
    PMC6334294
  • Description:
    Purpose:

    To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent- and adolescent-knowledge of SSB-related health risks.

    Design:

    Quantitative, cross-sectional.

    Setting:

    2014 SummerStyles survey.

    Subjects:

    990 parent and adolescent (12–17 y) pairs.

    Measures:

    The outcome was self-reported adolescent intake (0, >0 to <1, or ≥1 time/d) of SSBs (soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, other SSBs). The exposures were self-reported parent SSB intake (0, >0 to <1, ≥1 to <2, or ≥2 times/d) and parent and adolescent knowledge of SSB-related health risks (weight gain, diabetes, and dental caries).

    Analysis:

    Separate multinomial logistic regression models were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for adolescent SSB intake ≥1 time/d (ref: 0 times/d), according to 1) parent SSB intake, and 2) parent- and 3) adolescent-knowledge.

    Results:

    About 31% of adolescents consumed SSBs ≥1 time/d, and 43.2% of parents consumed SSBs ≥2 times/d. Adolescent and parent knowledge that SSB intake is related to health conditions ranged from 60.7% to 80.4%: weight gain (75.0% and 80.4%, respectively), diabetes (60.7% and 71.4%, respectively), and dental caries (77.5% and 72.9%, respectively). In adjusted models, adolescent SSB intake ≥1 time/d was associated with parent intake ≥2 times/d (aOR=3.30; 95% CI=1.62–6.74), but not with parent or adolescent knowledge of health risks.

    Conclusion:

    Parental SSB intake may be an important factor in understanding adolescent behavior; knowledge of SSB-related health conditions alone may not influence adolescent SSB behavior.

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