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Ebola virus disease (EVD)
  • Published Date:
    10/18/2018
  • Language:
    English
Filetype[PDF-120.69 KB]


Details:
  • Description:
    Updated: 10/18/2018

    Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease most commonly affecting people and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, chimpanzees).

    There are six known species of viruses within the genus Ebolavirus: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus), Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus), Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Cote d’Ivoire ebolavirus), Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus), Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus,) and Bombali virus (Bombali ebolavirus). Of these, only four are known to cause disease in people (Ebola, Sudan, Taï Forest, and Bundibugyo viruses). Reston virus is known to cause disease in nonhuman primates and pigs, but not in people. It is unknown if Bombali virus, which was recently identified in bats, causes disease in either animals or people.

    Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, outbreaks have occurred sporadically in Africa. The natural reservoir host of Ebola viruses remains unknown. However, based on the nature of similar viruses, experts think the virus is animal-borne, with bats being the most likely reservoir.

    more information about Ebola Virus Disease, visit www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/

    ebola-factsheet-P.pdf

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