How tobacco smoke causes disease; the biology and behavioral basis for smoking-attributable disease : a report of the Surgeon General
Corporate Authors:United States, Public Health Service., Office of the Surgeon General. ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ; National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.), Office on Smoking and Health.
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Tobacco Use Disorder
Smoking/Adverse Effects/Statistics/United States
Tobacco/Adverse Effects/Statistics/United States
Tobacco Smoke Pollution/Adverse Effects/Statistics/United States
Tobacco Use Disorder/Complications/Statistics/United States
Description:Chapter 1. Introduction, evaluation of evidence on mechanisms of disease production, and summary -- Chapter 2. The changing cigarette -- Chapter 3. Chemistry and toxicology of cigarette smoke and biomarkers of exposure and harm -- Chapter 4. Nicotine addiction: past and present -- Chapter 5. Cancer -- Chapter 6. Cardiovascular diseases -- Chapter 7. Pulmonary diseases -- Chapter 8. Reproductive and developmental effects -- Chapter 9. A vision for the future -- List of abbreviations -- List of tables and figures -- Definitions and alternative nomenclature of genetic symbols used in this report -- Index.
In 1964, the first Surgeon General's report on the effects of smoking on health was released. In the nearly 50 years since, extensive data from thousands of studies have consistently substantiated the devastating effects of smoking on the lives of millions of Americans. Yet today in the United States, tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of death and disease for both men and women. Now, this 2010 report of the Surgeon General explains beyond a shadow of a doubt how tobacco smoke causes disease, validates earlier findings, and expands and strengthens the science base. Armed with this irrefutable data, the time has come to mount a full-scale assault on the tobacco epidemic. More than 1,000 people are killed every day by cigarettes, and one-half of all long-term smokers are killed by smoking-related diseases. A large proportion of these deaths are from early heart attacks, chronic lung diseases, and cancers. For every person who dies from tobacco use, another 20 Americans continue to suffer with at least one serious tobacco-related illness. But the harmful effects of smoking do not end with the smoker. Every year, thousands of nonsmokers die from heart disease and lung cancer, and hundreds of thousands of children suffer from respiratory infections because of exposure to secondhand smoke. There is no risk-free level of exposure to tobacco smoke, and there is no safe tobacco product. This new Surgeon General's report describes in detail the ways tobacco smoke damages every organ in the body and causes disease and death. We must build on our successes and more effectively educate people about the health risks of tobacco use, prevent youth from ever using tobacco products, expand access to proven cessation treatments and services, and reduce exposure to secondhand smoke. Putting laws and other restrictions in place, including making tobacco products progressively less affordable, will ultimately lead to our goal of a healthier America by reducing the devastating effects of smoking. This 2010 Surgeon General's report represents another important step in the developing recognition, both in this nation and around the world, that tobacco use is devastating to public health. Past investments in research and in comprehensive tobacco control programs--combined with the findings presented by this new report--provide the foundation, evidence, and impetus to increase the urgency of our actions to end the epidemic of tobacco use.
CDC-INFO Pub ID 220456
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