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NIOSH skin notation (SK) profile; 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) [CAS No. 542-75-6]
  • Published Date:
    March 2011
Filetype[PDF-492.34 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Education and Information Division.
  • Description:
    Foreword -- Abbreviations -- Glossary -- Acknowledgments -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1. General Substance Information -- 1.2. Purpose -- 1.3. Overview of SK Assignment for 1,3-D -- 2. Systemic Toxicity from Skin Exposure (SK: SYS) -- 3. Direct Effects on Skin (SK: DIR) -- 4 Immune-mediated Responses (SK: SEN) -- 5. Summary -- References -- Appendix: Calculation of the SI ratio for 1,3-D -- Overview -- Calculation -- Appendix: References

    "This Skin Notation Profile presents (1) a brief summary of technical data associated with skin contact with 1,3-D and (2) the rationale behind the hazard-specific skin notation (SK) assignment for 1,3-D. The SK assignment is based on the scientific rationale and logic outlined in the Current Intelligence Bulletin (CIB) 61: A Strategy for Assigning New NIOSH Skin Notations [NIOSH 2009]. The summarized information and health hazard assessment are limited to an evaluation of the potential health effects of dermal exposure to 1,3-D. A literature search was conducted through July 2010 to identify information on 1,3-D, including but not limited to data relating to its toxicokinetics, acute toxicity, repeated-dose systemic toxicity, carcinogenicity, biological system/function-specific effects (including reproductive and developmental effects and immunotoxicity), irritation, and sensitization. Information was considered from studies of humans, animals, or appropriate modeling systems that are relevant to assessing the effects of dermal exposure to 1,3-D. 1,3-D is potentially capable of causing numerous adverse health effects following skin contact. A critical review of available data has resulted in the following SK assignment for 1,3-D: SK: SYS-DIR (IRR)-SEN. Table 1 provides an overview of the critical effects and data used to develop the SK assignment for 1,3-D. The following section provides additional detail about the potential health hazards of skin contact with 1,3-D and the rationale behind the SK assignment.." -- NIOSHTIC-2

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