Abortion surveillance annual summary 1981
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Abortion surveillance annual summary 1981

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      Epidemiologic surveillance is one of the key functions of the Centers for Disease Control. It has become a tool for studying such diverse public health concerns as air pollution, cancer, birth defects, Rh hemolytic disease, violence, and abortion. Recognizing both the importance of abortion as a public health issue and the need for national abortion statistics, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH), formerly known as the Family Planning Evaluation Division, began in 1969 a continuous epidemiologic surveillance of abortion in the United States. The objectives of this surveillance are twofold: 1) to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining

      abortions, and 2) to eliminate preventable mortality and morbidity related to abortion. This report documents the most recent data available to CDC for the year 1981 and updates previous abortion surveillance reports. This issue provides 1) demographic and epidemiologic data on legal abortions in 1981, 2) data on trends in the practice of legal abortion for 1972-1981, 3) data on measures to prevent cervical injury during suction curettage abortion, 4) data comparing urea-prostaglandin with hypertonic saline for instillation abortion, dilatation and evacuation abortion, 4) information on the effects of induced abortion on subsequent reproduction, 5) measures to prevent uterine perforation during curettage abortion, and 6) a reference list of DRH publications relating to abortion.

      For 1981, the 50 States and the District of Columbia reported 1,300,760 abortions (Summary Table), which represents less than a 1% increase over the number reported for 1980. The national abortion rate decreased from 25 abortions per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 1980 to 24 per 1,000 in 1981.

      SUGGESTED CITATION: Centers for Disease Control: Abortion Surveillance 1981 Issued November 1985

      Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 74-644021

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