Abortion surveillance annual summary 1979-1980
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Abortion surveillance annual summary 1979-1980

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      Epidemiologic surveillance is one of the key functions of the Centers for Disease Control and has become a tool for studying such diverse public health concerns as air pollution, cancer, birth defects, Rh hemolytic disease, violence, and abortion. Recognizing both the importance of abortion as a public health issue and the need for national abortion statistics, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH), formerly known as the Family Planning Evaluation Division, in 1969 began continuous epidemiologic surveillance of abortion in the United States. The objectives of this surveillance are twofold: 1) to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining

      abortions, and 2) to eliminate preventable mortality and morbidity related to abortion. This report documents the most recent data available to CDC for the years 1979-1980 and updates previous abortion surveillance reports. This issue provides 1) demographic and epidemiologic data on legal abortions in 1979 and 1980, 2) data on trends in the practice of legal abortion for 1972-1980, 3) data on the effect of physician skill and hospital setting on second-trimester dilatation and evacuation abortion, 4) information on the effects of induced abortion on subsequent reproduction, 5) results of a study on the effect of restricting Federal funds for abortion, 6) international comparisons of legal abortion, and 7) a reference list of DRH publications relating to abortion.

      In 1979, the 50 States and the District of Columbia reported 1,251,921 abortions, representing an 8% increase over the number of abortions performed in 1978. In 1980, the number of abortions rose an additional 4% to 1,297,606. The national abortion rate rose from 23 abortions per 1,000 females aged 15-44 in 1978 to 24 in 1979 and 25 in 1980. The national abortion ratio rose 37. between 1978 and 1979, from 347 abortions per 1,000 live births to 358. The 1980 abortion ratio rose 1% to 362.

      SUGGESTED CITATION: Centers for Disease Control: Abortion Surveillance 1979-1980 Issued May 1983

      Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 74-644021

    • Content Notes:
      I. Summary -- II. Number and characteristics of women receiving abortions -- III. Aboortion-related mortality -- IV. Aboortion-related morbidity -- V. International comparisons -- Vi. Divison of Reproductive Health publications related to abortion -- References.
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